JCB Produces 500,000th Backhoe

First unit rolled off the line in 1953.

JCB celebrated the production of its 500,000th backhoe loader on December 10, 2012.  Today, JCB marked the production of its 500,000th backhoe loader -- the machine that made the company famous around the world.

The first backhoe rolled off the production line in Rocester, Staffordshire in 1953. Called the Mark One, it brought the new wonder of hydraulic power to construction equipment for the first time.

In 1954--the first full year of production--just 35 of the machines were built, and it took more than 20 years for the first 50,000 to be made. Today, one JCB backhoe loader rolls off the company’s production lines every three minutes.

Despite the maturity of the versatile backhoe loader, it is still one of the top-selling pieces of construction machinery and remains the world’s fourth most popular machine in the construction equipment sales league table.

JCB Chairman Sir Anthony Bamford joined hundreds of employees at the World HQ to celebrate the 500,000th milestone.

“When my father pioneered this machine all those years ago we could never have imagined how successful it would be and how it would totally mechanize jobs that until then had been done by hand," said Sir Anthony. “The backhoe is the world’s most versatile piece of construction machinery and that is what ensures the product will continue to thrive.”

JCB has always invested heavily in its backhoe loader range and an early catalyst for growth was in 1980 which saw the $3.86 million launch of the technologically advanced 3CX. Fast forward to the present and customers are about to starting reaping the fuel saving benefits of the launch of JCB backhoes powered by the JCB Ecomax engine, a development which will save them up to 11% in fuel costs.

“The original 3CX launch was a pivotal moment in JCB’s backhoe history and from there the product went from strength to strength and laid the foundations for growth of the company and the introduction of a product range of over 300 machines you see today," Sir Anthony added. "It's innovation over the past six decades that has made JCB a world leader for backhoe loaders, and it's innovation that will keep us in the lead with this product over the next 60 years.”

As well as backhoes, JCB also manufactures Loadall telescopic handers, tracked and wheeled excavators, wheeled loaders, mini and micro excavators, utility vehicles, skid steer loaders, compact track loaders, compaction equipment, rough terrain forklifts and Fastrac tractors.

JCB backhoes are manufactured in the UK, India and Brazil, and the company sells the product in 120 different countries. The business unit which manufactures the machines has won seven Queen’s Awards.

Royalty, Prime Ministers, politicians and TV stars have all been photographed in the cab of JCB backhoes over the years. The JCB backhoe was even the subject of a song which made the top of the charts. And, it was a JCB backhoe which robbers used in a failed attempt to steal $563 million worth of diamonds from the Millennium Dome in 2000.

The 500,000th JCB backhoe to be produced was a 5CX model, which is the most powerful commercially-available JCB backhoe ever made. It is also JCB’s most productive and able to shift 344 tons of earth per hour or load 196 trucks a day.

Already, it is carving out new business for JCB, with the 500,000th machine destined for a customer in Russia, a key market.


JCB, the world’s third largest construction equipment brand, has 22 plants on four continents: 11 in the UK, six in India and others in Brazil, the USA, China, Germany, France and employs more than 10,000 people worldwide.

JCB manufactures more than 300 different machines including: backhoe loaders; Loadall telescopic handlers; tracked and wheeled excavators; wheeled loading shovels; articulated dump trucks; rough terrain fork lifts; mini excavators; Robot skid steer loaders and JCB Vibromax compaction equipment. For agricultural markets, the company produces a range of telescopic handlers and the unique Fastrac tractor. JCB also manufactures the Teletruk forklift for the industrial sector.

JCB has also established a comprehensive generator range of 77 models. There are 19 standard build power outputs from 8-600 kVA, with bespoke builds from 860-2350 kVA. This covers both 50 and 60Hz, single and three phase technology. These generators cover open, canopy, rental and telecommunications models.

JCB is privately-owned by the Bamford family and Chairman, Sir Anthony Bamford, has been at the helm of the company since 1975. The company officially marked its 65th anniversary on June 21st, 2011, the 95th anniversary of the birth of company founder Joseph Cyril Bamford. For more information, please visit